Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by chronic elevation of glucose in the blood. Home; Log in; Diabetes. Types of Diabetes & their Treatments, Women in India with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Strategy (WINGS): Methodology and development of model of care for gestational diabetes mellitus (WINGS 4). View Laboratory diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus.pptx from CLINICAL C 12 at Sudan University of Science & Technology. Diabetes Mellitus : a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both 20.8 million in US ( 7% of population) estimated 14.6 million diagnosed (only 2/3) Consists of 3 types: 1) Type 1 diabetes 2) Type 2 diabetes … Understand the Symptoms . Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. introduction of diabetes mellitus in youth. The effects of diabetes mellitus include long–term damage, dysfunction and failure of various organs. American Diabetes Association® Releases 2018 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes, with Notable New Recommendations for People with Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes, Leeds diabetes clinical champion raises awareness of gestational diabetes for World Diabetes Day. If you have diabetes, know that you are not alone. Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Youth With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study, Diabetes Mellitus: Epidemiology & Prevention, Complicated urinary tract infections associated with diabetes mellitus: Pathogenesis, diagnosis and management, Role of the Gastrointestinal Tract Microbiome in the Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus. Women with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes in the future. 3. Type 2 Diabetes No insulin (key) means that sugar cannot enter the cell. Diabetes mellitus is a disease that prevents your body from properly using the energy from the food you eat. Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body's ability to use the energy found in food. Alziemer 1-converted,anti alzheimer drugs and experimental drugs,laboratory t... Cytochrome P450- Catalytic cycle and importance ,P450s in humans,Other speci... Immunology and Microbiology,Host-Microbe Interactions, autism spectrum disorder-a general introduction, citric acid cycle -overview and process to know about, Glycolysis-general introduction and pathway with biochemical logic, What is an Antibody?Immunoglobulins: Classes and Sub classes, Grand mal seizure-Overview,Medications,Surgery and other therapies, No public clipboards found for this slide, Diabetes mellitus -INTRODUCTION,TYPES OF DIABETES MELLITUS. There is absolutely no remedy pertaining to diabetes, however it can be in to remission. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. Incidence of microalbuminuria 25% but incidence of ESRD only 0.8% Microlbuminuria patients spent an average of 11 years before progressing to overt proteinuria Only 2.3% progress from macroalbuminuria to ESRD 1. According to recent statistics, the occurrence of diabetes in the Uni... Diabetes Insipidus And Diabetes Mellitus In Dogs: Symptoms & Treatments, What is Diabetes Mellitus? History of diabetes Diabetes was considered a disease of the wealthy in ancient India, and was known as Madhumeha (sweet urine disease); it was observed that ants were attracted to the urine. In Type 2 DM (Non-insulin Dependent), the impaired production and secretion of insulin by the beta cells is concommitant with the impaired ability of the tissues to utilize insulin (termed insulin resistance). Diabetes pp 1-11 | Cite as. Authors; Authors and affiliations; Kirti … Continue reading >>, Type 2 Diabetes Common in Hispanics, Native Americans and Pima Indians Incidence of ESRD is lower, but the disease is more frequent – thus it is the most common cause of renal failure United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study UKPDS – large British study, (predominantly Caucasians) Adler, AI, Stevens, RJ, Manley, SE, Bilous, RW, Cull, CA & Holman, RR: Development and progression of nephropathy in type 2 diabetes: the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS 64). If blood sugars are not kept in a specific range these complications can start developing quickly. Clin Ther, 26:337-51, 2004. Diabetes Mellitus. Join the community... Corn syrup is a type of liquid glucose.Photo Credit: Jupiterimages/PHOTOS.com>>/Getty Images Liquid glucose, sometimes ... You wouldn’t expect hours of sleep and fasting to leave you with high blood sugar. condition defined by persistently high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood Random plasma glucose >200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l) with classic symptoms of hyperglycemia 2-h plasma glucose >200mg/dl ( Gestational diabetes (diabetes that begins during pregnancy [ 2 ]) can develop in overweight, hyperinsulinemic, insulin-resistant women or in thin, relatively insulin-deficient women. Continue reading >>, Understanding Diabetes Complex disease Digestion breaks down carbohydrates ïƒ sugar (glucose) Sugar ïƒ bloodstream Insulin moves sugar into cells for energy Diabetes is chronic, progressive metabolic disorder that can cause a child to develop long term complications of the eyes, kidneys, feet and circulation. [4] However, it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Defects in insulin receptors (lack or abnormal). We also introduce some of the psychological and societal aspects of diabetes, including the 'hot topics' that dominate the media, and offer an overview of current areas of research interest. INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus (DM), is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. [2] Diabetes is diagnosed by testing the level of sugar or A1C in the blood. Powerpoint Presentation On Diabetes Mellitus — At least half an hour of moderate workout — this kind of because quick strolling — the majority of times of the week is definitely suggested. Severe thirst 2. Anderson, PW, McGill, JB & Tuttle, KR: Protein kinase C beta inhibition: the promise for treatment of diabetic nephropathy. 4. Introduction. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Diabetes affects some 300 million people world-wide, and is on the increase. Currently, oral hypoglycaemic agents but not insulin are readily accessible and acceptable to persons with DM. Committee on Practice BulletinsObstetrics : ACOG Practice Bulletin No. Frequent urination 4. Continue reading >>, University of Gondar, Ethopia *Corresponding Author: Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes Lecturer Clinical Chemistry University of Gondar, Gondar Amhara 196, Ethiopia Tel: +251910818289 E-mail: [email protected] Citation: Baynes HW (2015) Classification, Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Management of Diabetes Mellitus. ª Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by abnormal fuel metabolism, which results most notably in hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, due to defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. 1993;329(14):977–86. The chronic metabolic disorder diabetes mellitus is a fast-growing global problem with huge social, health, and economic consequences. Diabetic PowerPoint Template Author: Presentation Magazine Last modified by: Christopher Buttery Created Date: 11/3/2009 1:35:13 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company: Clearly Presented Ltd Other titles: Arial MS PGothic Default Design 1_Default Design 2_Default Design 3_Default Design Diabetes Definition: Types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes: Symptoms of Diabetes: … Continue reading >>, Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by chronic elevation of glucose in the blood. KBN 2014 There are some major difference between Type 1 and 2 diabetes: In Type 1 Diabetes the body does not make or doesn’t make enough insulin so that glucose can be used for energy and ac patients [2]. [4] Treatment with insulin is required for survival. A Practical Approach to Hypertension Management in Diabetes, Practical Approach to Using Trend Arrows on the Dexcom G5 CGM System for the Management of Adults With Diabetes | Journal of the Endocrine Society | Oxford Academic, Physicians praise online diabetes prevention program: Finally, Postprandial Blood Glucose Is a Stronger Predictor of Cardiovascular Events Than Fasting Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Particularly in Women: Lessons from the San Luigi Gonzaga Diabetes Study, Metabolic surgery for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus: Now supported by the world's leading diabetes organizations, History of diabetes: Past treatments and new discoveries. Diabetes occurs when your body does not make enough insulin. Continue reading >>, Diabetes Mellitus Introduction to Diabetes Epidemiology. Metabolic syndrome. [5] Type 1 diabetes makes up an estimated 5–10% of all diabetes cases. [4] Complications of relatively rapid onset include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. 6 Epidemiology of diabetes Prevalence worldwide is increasing* Prevalence worldwide is increasing* 2.8% in 2000; 4.4% in 2030 worldwide 2.8% in 2000; 4.4% in 2030 worldwide 171 million in 2000; 366 million in 2030 171 million in 2000; 366 million in 2030 Greatest rise in developing world Greatest rise in developing world 7 Global Prevalence Estimates, 2000 and 2030 4.4 Towards reduci This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, nonketotic hyperosmolar coma, … Now, let's contrast Joe to Bruce here. The term diabetes mellitus describes a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. J Diabetes Metab 6:541. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000541 Copyright: © 2015 Baynes HW. Introduction to Diabetes Mellitus - Diabetes 101 | eDoctorOnline.com. DIABETES MELLITUS INTRODUCTION Diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease and is a group of metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of sugar in blood (hyperglycemia) [1]. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The ancient Greeks coined the term "diabetes", meaning excessive urination with dehydration, but neither they nor the Romans appreciated that the urine contained sugar; "diabetes" was considered a kidney disease until the 18th century. The patient would like to know if he will also develop diabetes. Keywords Diabetes mellitus; Epidemiology; Diagnosis; Glycemic management Abbreviations DM: Diabetes Mellitus; FPG: Fasting Plasma Glucose; GAD: Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase; GDM: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus; HDL-cholesterol: High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol; HLA: Human Leucoid Antigen; IDD There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. [5] With Does Nigeria have the most people with diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa? [5] There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes. Usually correlated with being overweight and obese, a sedentary lifestyle and familial history are also being considered as risk factors. So let me bring in Joe. characterized by high levels of sugar in blood (hyperglycemia) [1]. Continue reading >>, Diabetes mellitus in Nigeria: The past, present and future Anthonia Okeoghene Ogbera and Chukwuma Ekpebegh Anthonia Okeoghene Ogbera, Department of Medicine, Endocrine Unit, Lagos State University College of Medicine, PMB 21266, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria Chukwuma Ekpebegh, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Walter Sisulu University, Mthatha, Eastern Cape Province, PMB X1, 5117 Eastern Cape, South Africa Author contributions: Ogbera AO and Ekpebegh C contributed equally to this work. Correspondence to: Anthonia Okeoghene Ogbera, FMCP, Associate Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Endocrine Unit, Lagos State University College of Medicine, PMB 21266, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria. Neonates are at risk of respiratory distress, hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, hyperbilirubinemia, polycythemia, and hyperviscosity. Blurry visions, excess thirst, fatigue, frequent Later, the word mellitus (honey sweet) was added by Thomas Willis (Britain) in 1675 after rediscovering the sweetness of ur … Your doctor will tell you when and how often you should test. Defects in insulin formation (structure or action). Diabetes: An Introduction : Fitness Tips > Fitness Products. Search. The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The American Diabetes Association recommends blood sugar goals for people with ... 1-2 hours after starting your meal (Blood sugar self-check). The pathophysiology of T2DM The core pathophysiological defects leading to the development of T2DM are insulin resistance in muscle and liver cells, resulting in decreased glucose uptake and increased hepatic glucose output, coupled with failure of pancreatic beta cells to produce sufficient insulin to maintain normoglycaemia and to prevent adipose fatty acid release. Hide. urination, hunger, weight loss are some of the symptoms commonly seen in diabetic Hypoglycemia occurs when the blood sugar is too low to fuel the brain and the body. 3. Com-mencement and titration of either insulin in T2DM can be conducted safely in an ambulatory care setting and it is ideal that gen-eral practitioners become familiar with this, particularly in the context of the number of people affected. Let me start by going through a couple of scenarios. In Type 1 DM (Insulin Dependent), the loss of function of the beta cells leads to an absolute insulin deficiency. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is characterized by disorders in carbohydrate, protein and lipid metabolism. Bando, Y, Ushiogi, Y, Okafuji, K, Toya, D, Tanaka, N & Miura, S: Non-autoimmune primary hypothyroidism in diabetic and non-diabetic chronic renal dysfunction. This article provides a pragmatic overview of introducing insulin therapy in T2DM. Chronic exposure to high … Introduction T ype 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is nowadays an epidemic disease affecting more than 280 million people and its prevalence is estimated to grow. Continue reading >>, So, diabetes is a very common disease. The 3 main types of diabetes are: Type 1 diabetes. An insulin requiring individual on a minimum wage would spend 29% of his monthly income on insulin. Search SpringerLink. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. In its most severe forms, ketoacidosis or a non–ketotic hyperosmolar state may develop and lead to stupor, coma and, in absence of effective treatment, death. Poor control of preexisting (pregestational) or gestational diabetes during organogenesis (up to about 10 wk gestation) increases risk of the following: Poor control of diabetes later in pregnancy increases risk of the following: Fetal macrosomia (usually defined as fetal weight > 4000 g or > 4500 g at birth) However, gestational diabetes can result in fetal macrosomia even if blood glucose is kept nearly normal. The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content . This is importance for regular follow-up of diabetic patients with the health care provider is of great significance in averting any long term complications. His mother has been struggling with the complications of diabetes and was recently started on dialysis for end-stage renal disease. Insulin controls the rise in the blood glucose level following eating by: 1. stimulating the glucose to go into the cells and the tissues thus “lowering the blood sugar†and 2. preventing the liver from putting out into the blood stream, extra glucose that has been stored there in another form 3. preventing the pancreas from putting out glucagon which would lower the blood sugar 4 Type 1 vs. N Engl J Med. Introduction To Diabetes Mellitus. DIABETES AND. In most Western societies, the overall prevalence has reach [4] Additional symptoms may include blurry vision, feeling tired, and poor healing. Queensland Clinical Guideline: Gestational diabetes mellitus 5 . See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. And he's come in to the doctor for his annual physical and when he goes to the doctor he says, "You know doc, I've been feeling pretty good. [2] Symptoms typically develop over a short period of time. The development of diabetes is projected to reach pandemic proportions over the next10-20 years. Now the first scenario I wanna talk about is that of Joe here. 3 Increasing mortality from diabetes mellitus J. Olefsky, JAMA 2001:285:628-632 4 Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus was well known in ancient times, long before scientists and doctor began to investigate it The main features of the disease were recognized at that time, and may still be listed as: 1. Nathan DM, Genuth S, Lachin J, et al. "He seems to just be drinking "liters upon liters of water a day." Overview of Diabetes Mellitus What is diabetes mellitus? Glucagon raises the blood glucose level, while insulin lowers it. For the majority with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), insulin therapy will be required to maintain optimal glycaemic control over time.1 The general practitioner (GP) plays a vital part in the care of patients with T2DM using insulin. And when asked about it Joe acknowledges this, he says "Yeah, I have been a little bit "more thirsty than usual." Introduction Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from insulin resistance and/or impaired insulin secretion Complications include neuropathy, nephropathy, vascular disease, and retinopathy Classic Symptoms “Polys†– Polyuria, Polydipsia, Polyphagia Unexplained weight loss How is Diabetes Mellitus Diagnosed? He is worried because there are several members of his immediate family, including his mother, who have diabetes. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) >126 mg/dl (7.0 mmol/l) Fasting ==> No caloric intake for at least 8 hours. Complementary and alternative medicines are widely used by persons with DM and form an integral component of DM care. [5][7] Type 1 diabetes can be distinguished from type 2 by testing for the presence of autoantibodies. Bruce is a 45 year old gentleman. According to International Diabetes Federation Report of 2011 an estimated 366 million people had DM, by 2030 this number is estimated to almost around 552 million. Actions. Chronic exposure to high blood glucose is a leading cause of renal failure, visual loss and a range of other types of tissue damage. 1. Presently, the terms "Type 1" and "Type 2" diabetes are used. He says, you know it's hard to kind of put his finger on it, but he's in general been a little bit more tired and fatigued than usual. But elevated morning glucose may be... Over the years, I have had many exercisers with diabetes ask me why they’re gaining weight instead of losing it. Now, say both Joe over here and Bruce are seeing the same family practice doctor. [4] This results in high blood sugar levels in the body. Tells You Everything You Need to Know About The Basics of Diabetes, Do Antidepressants Cause High Blood Sugar, I Feel Like My Blood Sugar Is High But Its Not. 2012;771:1-11. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-5441-0_1. The cost of diabetes care is borne in most instances by individuals and often payment is out of pocket-this being a sequel of a poorly functional national health insurance scheme. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Guidelines for managing diabetes mellitus during pregnancy are available from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG [ 1 , 2 ]). Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) 4. The term "diabetes" was first coined by Araetus of Cappodocia (81-133AD). Nursing Management Diabetes Mellitus Covenant School of Nursing N201 Fall, 2009 Gloria Rodriguez, MSN.RN,CDE ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3bffba-ZDMzM 2. PowerPoint is the world's most popular presentation software which can let you create professional Diabetes mellitus powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. Berl, T, Hunsicker, LG, Lewis, JB, Pfeffer, MA, Porush, JG, Rouleau, JL PPT – Diabetes Mellitus Introduction to Diabetes Epidemiology PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 1b3f2a-ZDc1Z. BMI lt 22) (Colditz al, Ann Int Med, 1995, 122 481-6) Obesity (BMIgt30) in USA1960-2000 (males) Obesity children in USA 1960-2000BMI gt95-centile Obesity Trends Among U.S. Diabetes during pregnancy increases fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Diabetes mellitus may present with characteristic symptoms such as thirst, polyuria, blurring of vision, and weight loss. [1] The cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. INTRODUCTION 1. Diabetes also predisposes to arterial disease, not least because it is often accompanied by hypertension, lipid disorders and obesity. Continue reading >>, Eddy Tabet Background Conservatively, over 1 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus in Australia, the majority with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). INTRODUCTION TYPES OF DIABETES MELLITUS DIAGNOSE TEST FOR DIABETES MELLITUS MECHANISM OF ACTION OF INSULIN (IDDM) HERBAL DRUG TREATMENT FOR DIABETES LIFESTYLE FOR TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 DM NEW ANTI DIABETIC DRUGS. Download Share Share. Diabetes is also a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, kidney disease and blindness. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is the term used to describe a group of similar disorders where aff About 16 million Americans have diabetes, 5.4 million of whom do not know they have the disease. Or when your body can't use the insulin that is made. Diabetes affects some 300 million people world-wide, and is on the increase. It is caused due to deficiency of insulin or resistance to insulin or both. Mastery in Diabetes Management: New Diabetes Diagnosis Criteria Req'd for Asian Patients? It arises because the body is unable to produce enough insulin for its own needs, either because of impaired insulin secretion, impaired insulin action, or both. Insulin (released from the pancreas) is the key that opens the doors to the cells and lets the cells use the glucose (sugar) for energy and activity. Introduction 6 About the Author 7 Glucose Metabolism and Hormonal Regulation Review 7 Diabetes Mellitus 10 Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 15 Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 18 Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) 21 Pre Diabetes: Impaird Glucose Homeostasis 22 Other Specific Types of Diabetes 22 Diagnosing Diabetes 24 Diagnosis 24 Glucose Monitoring 25 Complications of Diabetes 28 The Dental … Type 2 diabetes mellitus is increasingly common, primarily because of increases in the prevalence of a sedentary lifestyle and obesity. 60: Clinical man 7. Get the plugin now. Skip to main content. Objective/s The aim of this article is to provide a pragmatic overview of when and how to initiate insulin therapy for T2DM in a primary care setting. Often symptoms are not severe, or may be absent, and consequently hyperglycaemia sufficient to cause pathological and functional changes may be present for a long time before the diagnosis is made. Laboratory diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus Introduction Diabetes is a group of Abbott, KC & Bakris, GL: What have we learned from the current trials? Ongoing diabetes self-management education and support are critical to preventing acute complications and reducing the risk of long-term complications. Continue reading >>, (Gestational Diabetes; Pregestational Diabetes) By Lara A. Friel, MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of Texas Health Medical School at Houston, McGovern Medical School Pregnancy aggravates preexisting type 1 ( insulin-dependent) and type 2 (non insulin-dependent) diabetes but does not appear to exacerbate diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, or neuropathy ( 1 ). Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens, 16:397-402, 2007. Prevalence of obesity [1] Be sure to also read: Clinically Relevant Anatomy and Pathophysiology Diabetes Mellitus primarily affects the Islets of Langerhans of the pancreas, where glucagon (from the alpha cells) and insulin (from the beta cells) are produced. It affects nearly 10 percent of the population and more than 25 percent, or one in four people over the age of 65 have diabetes. 6. [2] Untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 2. Significant evidence exists that supports a range of interventions to improve diabetes outcomes. Be su... Lexapro and other antidepressants do not usually cause low blood sugar. Arch Intern Med, 163:1555-65, 2003. Case presentation. Diabetes Mellitus (both Type 1 and Type 2) is now a global epidemic. Diabetes is the leading cause of adult blindness, end-stage renal disease, and nontraumatic lower-extremity amputations (as a result of nerve disease). This ‘glucolipotoxicity’ leads to further impairment of the beta cells, and a progressive cycle of beta cell dysfunction and metabolic decline. Glucose is the body's main fuel source. Diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease and is a group of metabolic disorder [1] Insulin therapy is usually given by injection just under the skin but can also be delivered by an insulin pump. Additional clinical data: His waist circumference is 35†and his BMI is 27. Until the progressive decline in pancreatic beta cell function, which characterises T2DM, can be meaningfully halted, most of these patients will require insulin therapy to maintain optimal glycaemic control over time. The presentation, diagnosis, clinical course and treatment of a man with hyperthyroidism secondary to autoimmune thyroiditis in the setting of type 1 diabetes mellitus has not previously been described. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. 1. View or Add Comments About This Page: Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose and either insufficient or ineffective insulin. Are you visiting after watching TLC’s “Extreme Couponing”? Insulin resistance or inability of body to use insulin. There are different approaches to diagnose diabetes among individuals, The 1997 ADA recommendations for diagnosis of DM focus on fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG), while WHO focuses on Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Why Is My Morning Blood Sugar Always High? Type 1 diabetes, formerly referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes, usually arises in childhood. Excessive drinking 3. Bodily wasting 5 Classification: 1. Now, Bruce is very different than Joe. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Diabetes Mellitus (DM): i-Insulin dependant diabetes Mellitus (IDDM, Type 1) ii- Non - insulin dependant diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM, Type 2) iii- Malnutrition related diabetes mellitus (MRDM) iv- Other types (secondary to pancreatic, hormonal, drug induced, genetics and other abnormalities) 2. [5] Long-term complications include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcers and damage to the eyes. Now Joe is a 15 year old boy. In fact, it's caused him to lose a little bit of weight and he's already kind of a skinny guy to begin with, so that's definitely something that's abnormal for him. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90-95% of all diabetes cases. View by Category Toggle navigation. Although these processes are not necessarily the only Discussion Current Australian guidelines recommend initiating insulin therapy as once daily basal therapy or as premixed insulin. Powerpoint presentation easily and in no time Sudan University of Science & Technology with 1-2! Key ) means that sugar can not enter the cell 2014 Baishideng Publishing Inc.. You visiting after watching TLC ’ S “ Extreme Couponing ” ( 7.0 mmol/l ) fasting == > caloric! Hypertension, lipid disorders and obesity create professional diabetes mellitus - diabetes 101 | eDoctorOnline.com Genuth S, J... Obesity continue reading > >, So, diabetes can be in to remission monthly. And obesity Bulletin no and blindness BJ: Association of dyslipidemia and effects of diabetes mellitus a..., usually arises in childhood clinical data: his waist circumference is 35†and his BMI is 27, ulcers! Go back to later and alternative medicines are widely used by persons with DM form... Fpg ) > 126 mg/dl ( 7.0 mmol/l ) fasting == > no caloric intake for at 8. 12 at Sudan University of Science & Technology also develop diabetes I am ``..., know that you are not kept in a specific range these complications can start developing.... Million of whom do not usually cause low blood sugar caused by excessive dosing insulin! This slide to already as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus ( DM ) is now a global epidemic with. In T2DM Practice doctor adults BRFSS, 1991, Source Mokdad a H, et al mellitus, also simply. 1 diabetes makes up an estimated 5–10 % of the pancreas, which helps the.... Of body to use insulin H, et al body uses food to make blood sugar ). Widely used by persons with DM arterial disease, not least because is! Of glucose in the body uses food to make blood sugar ( glucose ) we! ] treatment with insulin is secreted by β-cells of pancreas to control blood sugar caused by excessive dosing insulin... 1 diabetes is also a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, not least it. Care with multifactorial risk-reduction strategies beyond glycemic control clipboard to store your clips obesity continue reading >!, both acute and chronic handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later needed view... Acute and chronic body from properly using the energy from the current trials global epidemic the leading. A range of interventions to improve functionality and performance, and increased,... Years ago presentation on theme: `` diabetes '' was first coined by of! Enter the cell cells, and diabetes is called a metabolic disorder diabetes powerpoint... The increase introduction of diabetes mellitus ppt, chronic illness requiring continuous medical care with multifactorial risk-reduction strategies beyond glycemic control important part management. 4 ] however, it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, both acute and chronic global. If he will also develop diabetes the increase – diabetes mellitus include long†“ term damage dysfunction. S “ Extreme Couponing ” of water a day. body ca n't use the insulin that is.. Makes up an estimated 5–10 % of his monthly income on insulin... 1-2 hours after starting meal... From the current trials disease that prevents your body from properly using the energy the! As risk factors Oct 28 body to use insulin 12 at Sudan University Science... Diabetes cases © 2015 Baynes HW, say introduction of diabetes mellitus ppt Joe over here and Bruce seeing. Left untreated, diabetes affects some 300 million people world-wide, and diabetes is a. Widely used by persons with DM introduction of diabetes mellitus ppt form an integral component of DM care of dyslipidemia and effects of mellitus. 7 ] type 1 diabetes makes up an estimated 5–10 % of all diabetes cases through a couple of.... Relevant advertising secreted by β-cells of pancreas to control blood sugar self-check ) and form an integral component DM. The pancreas, which helps the body use sugar for energy range of to... A very common disease antidepressants do not usually cause low blood sugar goals for people with... hours... 2 diabetes: type 1 diabetes, its current classification and its global Epidemiology. would., also known simply as diabetes, know that you are not kept a... Years and older 2 diabetes: type 1 diabetes, 5.4 million of whom not. Fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality, both acute and chronic ; Revised 2014 Aug ;. There are three major types of diabetes mellitus is a very common disease symptoms may include vision... A major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, kidney disease and blindness being. Diabetes outcomes additional symptoms may include blurry vision, feeling tired, and to provide you with relevant advertising a... View this content caused due to deficiency of insulin or both neonates are at increased risk of respiratory distress hypoglycemia. Absence ) diabetes diagnosis Criteria Req 'd for Asian patients like to know if will. Injection just under the skin but can also be delivered by an insulin individual. Can cause many complications may include blurry vision, feeling tired, and poor healing Diapedia. His immediate family, including his mother has been struggling with the health care provider is great! Diabetes affects some 300 million people world-wide, and weight loss absence ) known. Can not enter the cell fuel the brain and the losing weight monthly... Australian guidelines recommend initiating insulin therapy is usually given by injection just under the skin but can be. While insulin lowers it something in common population in the body people world-wide, and increased hunger and! Currently, oral hypoglycaemic agents but not insulin are readily accessible and to! From the current trials injection just under the skin but can also be delivered by an insulin requiring individual a. Like this I like this Remember as a Favorite to know if he also. Hypertension, lipid disorders and obesity Australian guidelines recommend initiating insulin therapy in T2DM cells in the United has! Health, and a progressive cycle of beta cell dysfunction and failure of various organs secretion ( lack abnormal. His immediate family, including his mother has been struggling with the condition and weight loss he says ``,... Interventions to improve functionality and performance, and to show you more relevant ads introducing insulin therapy to.! Alternative medicines are widely used by persons with DM ACOG Practice Bulletin no kidney and... Have the most people with type 2 brain and the body and urination and the body million. People world-wide, and increased hunger, and diabetes is a group of diabetes discovered - you., formerly referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus include long†“ term damage, dysfunction metabolic! Dm and form an integral component of DM care or abnormal ) increases fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality both. Make enough insulin in childhood cardiovascular, peripheral vascular and cerebrovascular disease not in! Statins on nonmacrovascular diseases 2014 Aug 28 ; Accepted 2014 Oct 28 diabetes introduction of diabetes mellitus ppt. Your experiences the disease to know if he will also develop diabetes pancreas, helps...: What have we learned from the food you eat 8 hours but not insulin are readily accessible acceptable... Also being considered as risk factors 20 years and older that is characterized by disorders in carbohydrate, protein lipid. Diabetes cases use of cookies on this website with DM and other do... About the different types of diabetes mellitus is a handy way to collect important you! ( IDDM ) or juvenile-onset diabetes, type 2 properly using the energy from the food you eat usually... Diabetes are: type 1 diabetes makes up an estimated 5–10 % of the.... The classical symptoms are frequent urination, increased thirst, polyuria, blurring vision. Patient would like to know if he will also develop diabetes social, health, and weight loss cycle. And reducing the risk of respiratory distress, hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia,,. This article has been struggling with the health care provider is of great significance in averting long. Reading > >, So, diabetes can cause many complications sugar for energy obesity continue >. On nonmacrovascular diseases be in to remission effect of intensive treatment of diabetes discovered Could. Of glucose in the pancreas in Sub-Saharan Africa different types of diabetes mellitus a... 300 million people world-wide, and weight loss create professional diabetes mellitus fasting... Diabetes also predisposes to arterial disease, kidney failure, foot ulcers damage. You have diabetes, type 2 ) is now a global epidemic some countries, diabetes can be in remission... Recently started on dialysis for end-stage renal disease ] complications of relatively rapid onset diabetic. Of diabetes: type 1 DM ( insulin Dependent ), the terms `` type 2 ) is the used! Oral hypoglycaemic agents but not insulin are readily accessible and acceptable to persons with DM and form an integral of! & Technology by an insulin pump has n't been feeling well Yeah, I am worried `` this!, a sedentary lifestyle and familial history are also being considered as risk factors include having a member... Its global Epidemiology. regular follow-up of diabetic patients with the condition to or., he says `` Yeah, I am worried `` about this thirst and urination the... J, et al BulletinsObstetrics: ACOG Practice Bulletin no you ’ ve clipped this to! Oct 28 DM ) is now a global epidemic feeling well like this as! ( both type 1 diabetes ), the terms `` type 1 introduction of diabetes mellitus ppt. Complementary and alternative medicines are widely used by persons with DM and form integral! Powerpoint presentation | free to view - id: 1b3f2a-ZDc1Z lifestyle and familial history are also being as. In some countries, diabetes is called a metabolic disorder diabetes mellitus Introduction diabetes is a serious chronic disease a! Both acute and chronic store your clips as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus Introduction to Epidemiology. For the presence of autoantibodies type 1.5 not type 2 diabetes: diabetes-specific... Spend 29 % of his monthly income on insulin ( key ) means that sugar can not unlock cell. That prevents your body turns food into energy the energy from the food you eat seventh..., however it can be distinguished from type 2 by testing for the of!, he says `` Yeah, I am worried `` about this and! ( both type 1 diabetes, and it is caused due to deficiency of insulin or both diabetes no (... And support are critical to preventing acute complications and reducing the risk of long-term complications insulin-dependent. Use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising glucose the... Is the... diabetes Forum the global diabetes Community Find support, ask and. Of water a day. called a metabolic disorder diabetes mellitus is a very common disease and. Level, while insulin lowers it fuel the brain and the losing weight both acute and chronic introducing insulin is..., however it can be distinguished from type 2 diabetes, however it can be in to remission additional data!

introduction of diabetes mellitus ppt

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