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If the reported measurement was an average of n number of measurements made with a two significant digit measuring scale, the reported averaged is always carried to an extra significant digit. Both 4308 and 40.05 contain four significant figures. 8158 is rounded up to 8160 when written to 3 significant figures. (rule #1 above) Example #2 - Round 3.78721 to three significant figures. DISCLOSURE: THIS PAGE MAY CONTAIN AFFILIATE LINKS, MEANING I GET A COMMISSION IF YOU DECIDE TO MAKE A PURCHASE THROUGH MY LINKS, AT NO COST TO YOU. 3) All zeroes which are both to the right of the decimal point and to the right of all non-zero significant digits are themselves significant. This means that we leave the 1 before the line as a 1. For example, to round 1.25 to 2 significant figures: Round half away from zero (also known as "5/4") [citation needed] rounds up to 1.3. We look at the next digit along to decide whether to round up or down. We will now round 549 to 1 significant figure. This rounding number which you specify cannot be a negative number and it must be greater than 0. 549 rounds up to 550 when written to 2 significant figures. And since we did just a bunch of multiplying and dividing, we have to have the minimum. To round a decimal to a given number of significant figures, look at the digit after the significant figure required. Zeros between non-zero digits are always significant 3. We choose to round up numbers that end in the digit 5. So we start counting. We draw a line after the 4 and look at the next digit after the line to decide how to round off this number. The number of significant figures is equal to the number of significant figures for the detected concentrations. This is because 8 is ‘5 or more’ and rounds the 5 up to a 6. Rounding means to simplify a number by writing it to a number that it is close to. If the number after the line is 5 or more, round up or if it is 4 or less, round down. Humiston. A result of 3.50 should be rounded to 4 (four). The first significant digit is 4 because it is the first digit that is not zero. 5 is included in ‘5 or more’ and so we round up. Similarly, When rounding off to 4 significant figures, P 4 = 7.364 When rounding off to 3 significant figures, P 3 = 7.36 When rounding off to 2 significant figures… When the first digit is greater than 5, the last digit is rounded up. 0.25 rounds up to 0.30. Rounding Significant Figures A number is rounded off to the required number of significant digits by leaving one or more digits from the right. We increase the 2 to a 3 and the digits after the line are changed to 0. Based on the examples in the last video, let's see if we can come up with some rules of thumb for figuring out how many significant figures or how many significant digits there are in a number or a measurement. If the first non-significant digit is greater than 5, the least significant digit is incremented by 1. In the number 43.120 (which may be written as 4.3210 x 10 1), the '0' is the least significant figure. 8158 is rounded down to 8000 when written to 1 significant figure. New York: Wiley and Sons. It is 4 or less and so we round down. To round a decimal down, the significant figure remains the same and the rest of the digits that follow this digit are removed. The digit after the line is a 4. Analytical results for mercury of 0.0016 would round off to 0.002 while 5.4 pCi/1 of combined radium-226 and radium-228 would round down to 5 pCi/1. We draw a line after the significant figure that we are rounding to. 1. The number 13.2 is said to have 3 significant figures. Zeros at the end of a number without decimal point are ambiguous. We include 0.25 so that we have a consistent rule for rounding. To round a whole number up, increase the significant figure required by 1 and change the digits that follow it to zero. When the first digit in left is less than 5, the last digit held should remain constant. If the digit happens to be 5, the last mentioned or preceding significant figure is increased by one only in case it happens to be odd. The 2nd significant figure of this number is in the tens column and so we are deciding between rounding to 540 or 550. In this example, 0.259 would round up, 0.251 would round up and even 0.250001 would round up. If the number you are rounding is followed by 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4, round the number down. Example: 38 rounded to the nearest ten is 401 2. 0.67351 rounds down to 0.67 when written to 2 significant figures because the 3 is ‘4 or less’. All of these numbers are nearer to 0.3 than 0.2. We do not write zeros on the end of decimals and so, we remove it. We have 2 zeros at the beginning of this decimal number and so we do not count these as significant figures. figs., in a measured number. Using standard rounding rules (round up if the digit to the right of the place value to which the number is being rounded is 5 or greater), this figure should be rounded to 79,000 (because the digit to the right of the thousands place is a 7). We will now round 549 to 2 significant figures. The 1 remains as a 1 and the digits after the line are removed. This 0 comes after a non-zero digit so it is counted. We only start counting significant figures from the first digit that is not zero. 2) All zeroes between significant digits are significant. When rounding off to 5 significant figures, P 5 = 7.3636 (5 th significant figure is added by 1, as the dropped digit is greater than 5). 6.711 rounds up to 7 when written to 1 significant figure. Trailing zeros that aren't needed to hold the decimal point are significant. We will now round the decimal 0.04013 to 3 significant figures. If the first digit to be dropped is 4 or less, then it and all following digits are simply dropped from the number. Given this rule for rounding, however, it is important to consider the context of the data. The least significant digit can be a zero. Our aim is to help students learn subjects like The number of significant figures in a result is simply the number of figures that are known with some degree of reliability. ü Rule 1: All nonzero digits are significant. Example #1 - Suppose you wish to round 62.5347 to four significant figures. When rounding decimals to significant figures it is important to remember that zeros at the beginning of the number are not significant digits. Least significant figures are still significant! This is because the 1 is ‘4 or less’. The 3 in the denominator is a counted value and does not affect the number of significant figures or decimal places in the final rounding. 0.03094 rounds up to 0.031 when written to 2 significant figures because the 9 is ‘5 or more’ and rounds the 0 up to a 1. Rounding rules for whole numbers is as follows: To get an accurate final result, always choose the smaller place value. PLEASE READ MY DISCLOSURE FOR MORE INFO. In this next example of rounding a decimal to significant figures we have 0.25. 0. A number with 0 significant digits would be 0. All right reserved. Draw a line after this number. To round a number, first decide how many significant figures the number should have. Rounding the Sum or Difference We often come across values with a different number of sig-figs in calculations. To round a decimal up, the significant figure increases by 1 and the rest of the digits that follow this digit are removed. We count this zero because we have started counting the significant figures with 4. Now try our lesson on Converting Decimals to Fractions where we learn how to write decimals as fractions. If the digit happens to be 5, the last mentioned or preceding significant figure is increased by one only in case it happens to be odd. All material given in this website is a property of physicscatalyst.com and is for your personal and non-commercial use only, Gravitation NCERT Solutions Class11 physics, Trigonometry Formulas for class 11 (PDF download), Newton�s law Interesting conceptual questions, Difference between resistance and resistivity, The International System of Units (SI units), Mole Concept (Avogadro Constant) And Molar mass, Zero between non – zero digits are significant. This Significant Figures Rounding Calculator rounds a given number to the amount of significant digits that you specify. If the digit involved is less than 5, it is neglected and the preceding significant figure remains unchanged, 4.312 is rounded off to 4.31. While rounding off measurements, we use the following rules by convention. For example, $0.00045$ is expressed as $4.5 \times 10^{-4}$ in terms of scientific notations. We will now round 0.25 to 1 significant figure. This table contains some examples of rounding different numbers to 1, 2 or 3 significant figures. 0.0471 is nearer to 0.0500 than it is to 0.04. Here is a quiz on using the rules for rounding and significant digits.For Mr. Wilson's class, please put your full name and class period in the box below. To round up, add 1 to the number before the line and change the numbers after the line to 0. We draw the line after this digit. We look at the digit after the line to decide whether to round up or down. We are rounding 549 to 2 significant figures, so we draw a line after the second significant figure of 4. © 2007-2019 . figs., 5.3 x 10 5 contains two, and 0.2456 contains four. The observed or calculated values usually contain more figures than in the stated limit and a reportable result is to be rounded off to the number of significant figures that is in agreement with the limit expression. If the digit to be dropped is less than 5, then the preceding digit is left unchanged. Non-zero digits are always significant 2. Because all whole numbers begin with a non-zero digit, a whole number has the same number of significant figures as it has digits. If it was three significant digits, then round to four significant digits. 549 rounds up to 550 when rounded to 2 significant figures. We count significant figures from the first digit that is not zero. The first significant figure is the 4 in the hundredths column. 2.103411 rounds down to 2 when written to 1 significant figure because the 1 is ‘4 or less’. In case of even figure, the preceding digit remains unchanged. The next digit is a 7 and it is 5 or more. • About Us The number of significant figures in this number is 2, while in Avogadro's number ($6.023 \times 10^{23}$ )it is four. 2.103411 rounds down to 2.1 when written to 2 significant figures because the 0 is ‘4 or less’. The first significant digit is the 5 in the hundreds column. Adopted from the Internet by James Hart for use in FOR 409 091099; More examples are presented in the reference. If the next digit is 5 or more, round up or if it is 4 or less, round down. The rounding off of numbers in chemistry is usually done to maintain the correct number of significant figures. If it is 5 or more, the number rounds up or if it is 4 or less, the number rounds down. The observed or calculated values usually will contain more significant figures than there are in the stated limit, and a reportable result is to be rounded off to the number of places that is in agreement with the limit expression by the following procedure. This means we have a choice of rounding 549 to 500 or to 600. rounding off to significant figures rules, Rules for counting significant figures are summarized below. The 4 is the first digit that is not zero and so, we start counting at 4. Reading from left to right, the first digit is 5, which is not 0. In the number 0.004205 (which may be written as 4.205 x 10-3), the '5' is the least significant figure. Rule of Rounding Off. Zeros within a number are always significant. To round up, we increase the number before the line by 1 and change the numbers after the line to zeros. 8.375 is rounded off to 8.38 while 8.365 is rounded off to 8.36. It is done for whole numbers, and for decimals at various places of hundreds, tens, tenths, etc. Thanks for visiting our website. Whatever is the minimum significant figures of the things that we computed with, that's how many significant figures we can have in our final answer. For example, rounding 17.4 to two significant figures would lead to 17. 6.711 rounds down to 6.71 when written to 3 significant figures because the second 1 is ‘4 or less’. We can write this number as 2.1 or 2.10 but we will write 2.10 because the question asks for 3 significant figures. It is 4 or less and so we round down. 0.25 is exactly half way between 0.2 and 0.3. For example, 16.0 has three significant figures, while 16.00 has four significant figures. 1 is our third significant figure and so we draw our line after the 1. If this number is 5 or more, we round up and if it is 4 or less, we round down. The most significant digit is the left most digit (not counting any leading zeros which function only as placeholders and are never significant digits.) Here's the general rule for rounding: 1. If the number is 5 or more, we round up or if the number is 4 or less, we round down. We round up. 0.03094 rounds down to 0.03 when written to 1 significant figure because the 0 after the 3 is ‘4 or less’. Before dealing with the specifics of the rules for determining the significant figures in a calculated result, we need to be able to round numbers correctly. Look at the fifth digit. Rule # 2: If the digit to be dropped is less than 5, then simply drop it without adding any number to the last digit. If that digit is 4, 3, 2, or 1, simply drop all digits to the right of it. If no decimal point is present, the rightmost non-zero digit is the least significant figure. We look at the next digit along, after the line, to decide whether to round up or down. Start counting the digits from the first digit that is not zero. We write 0.30 as 0.3. The first significant figure in 549 is the 5. This is because the 7 is ‘5 or more’ and rounds 6 up to 7. However we do not write zeros at the end of a decimal number. Therefore, you will simply drop every digit after the fourth, and the original number rounds off to 62.53. 3.677 is rounded off to 3.7 if we need two significant figures in measurement. Remember that we do not start counting the digits until we have a digit that is not zero. We have the choice of keeping the 4 as 4 or rounding it up to a 5. 00 501: The zeros in bold are not significant, but according to rule 2, the zero between 5 and 1 is significant and the number has 3 significant figures. Basic Rules About Significant Figures and Rounding . Start counting the digits from the first digit that is not zero. To round up, the 4 becomes a 5 and the digits after the line become zero. To round down, keep the number before the line the same and change the numbers after the line to 0. However we do not write zeros at the end of a decimal number and instead we write 0.0500 as 0.05. If it is 5 or more, we round up and if it is 4 or less we round down. To round 549 down, we keep the number before the line the same and change the numbers after the line into zeros. This number has two zero digits at the front, which we do not count. 0.03094 rounds down to 0.0309 when written to 3 significant figures because the 4 is ‘4 or less’. The first digit is 5, which is not zero and so, we start counting. 8158 is rounded up to 8200 when written to 2 significant figures. If that digit is 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9 add one to the rounding digit and drop all digits to the right of it. ... Answer after rounding off: 27.8: Use of significant figures in multiplication and division. We look at the number after the line to decide whether to round up or down. example: Round to 3 significant figures: 2.3467 x 10 4 (Answer: 2.35 x 10 4) example: Round to 2 significant figures: 1.612 x 10 3 (Answer: 1.6 x 10 3) What happens if there is a 5? General chemistry: Principles and structure. Rule 2. If the first non-significant digit is less than 5, then the least significant digit remains unchanged. Trailing zeros are only significant if the number contains a decimal point In rounding significant figures, when an integer contains more digits than are significant, the last significant digit has an overline to indicate that it is the last significant digit. All of its digits are significant. 0.04013 rounded to 3 significant figures is 0.0401. 2 is our first significant figure and so we draw our line after it. Since we are rounding to 2 significant figures, we draw a line after the 2nd significant figure. The decimal number 0.04013 is rounded down to 0.0401 when written to 3 significant figures. In exponential notations, the numerical portion represents the number of significant figures. Example: 33 rounded to the nearest ten is 30 Rule 1. So the first thing that is pretty obvious is that any non-zero digit and any of the zero digits in between are significant. Leading zeros are never significant 4. We will now round 0.0471 to 1 significant figures. 5 is the first significant figure, 4 is the 2nd and 9 is the 3rd. Here are the basic rules for significant digits: 1) All nonzero digits are significant. We can see that 549 is one away from 550 on the number line below but 9 away from 540. Your scores will be automatically recorded. 0.67351 rounds up to 0.7 when written to 1 significant figure because the 7 is ‘5 or more’ and rounds the 6 up to a 7. 0 is the second significant figure. If the number you are rounding is followed by 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9, round the number up. Rounding means to write down the number that is closest. If the digit immediately to the right of the last significant figure is a 5 not followed by any other digits or followed only by zeros, rounding requires a tie-breaking rule. This is because if any other digit came after the 5, the number would round up. This is because the 5 is ‘5 or more’ and rounds 1 up to 2. Rounding off numbers is done to preserve the significant figures. We ignore the 0 at the start of 0.25 and start counting at the 2. So 4 is the first significant figure, 0 is the 2nd, 1 is the 3rd and 3 is the 4th. Rounding-off rules. If you are rounding off to n significant digits, then the least significant digit is the n th digit from the most significant digit. To round a whole number to a given significant figure, look at the digit after the significant figure required. Read the digits of the number from left to right. 6.711 rounds down to 6.7 when written to 2 significant figures. We are rounding to 3 significant figures so we draw a line after the 3rd significant figure of 1. Rules: 1. This isn't two significant figures, this is three-- the 1, the 0, and the 1. Chemical and radiological data may be treated in like manner. 1986. physics, maths and science for students in school , college and those preparing for competitive exams. All numbers, one through nine, are significant, so 676 contains three sig. If the digit coming after the desired number of significant figures happens to be more than 5, the preceding significant figure is increased by one, 5.318 is rounded off to 5.32. The first two digits of 0.04013 are zeros, so we ignore them. Notice that we count the zero after the 4 because we have started counting at 4. If this digit is 5 or more, round up or if it is 4 or less, round down. Once you know that, round to that many digits, starting from the left. This means that 549 is nearer to 500 than it is to 600. To round the decimal number 0.04013 to 3 significant figures we first need to count the number of significant figures that it has. Rule 5 All zeros to the left of a decimal point in a number greater than or equal to 10 are significant. All zeros placed to the right of a number are significant. 0.0471 rounds up to 0.0500. Zeros that do nothing but set the decimal point are not significant. The digit after the line is a 3. 0.67351 rounds up to 0.674 when written to 3 significant figures because the 5 is ‘5 or more’ and rounds the 3 up to a 4. … To round a number off to significant figures use these steps: We will look at some examples of rounding numbers to significant figures. Here are the rules you need to determine the number of significant figures, or sig. This is because the first 1 is ‘4 or less’. To round up we increase the number before the line by 1 and change the number after the line to a 0. • Contact Us • Privacy, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Rounding Decimals to the Nearest Whole Number, https://www.mathswithmum.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Rounding-to-Significant-Figures.mp4. 2.103411 rounds down to 2.10 when written to 3 significant figures because the 3 is ‘4 or less’. Powered by https://www.numerise.com/ Rounding to significant figures www.hegartymaths.com http://www.hegartymaths.com/ Rounding Rules for Decimal Numbers Determine what your rounding digit is and look to the right side of it. Oh, and let me make this clear. Look for the next smaller place which is towards the right of the number that is being rounded off to. Reference: Brady, J.E., and G.E. To round a whole number down, keep the significant figure required as it is and change the digits that follow it to zero. Look at the fourth digit. We draw a line after the 4 and look at the number after this line to decide whether to round up or down. Count the digits until you get to the significant figures required. To round a number off to significant figures use these steps: Read the digits of the number from left to right. We start counting significant figures from the first number that is not zero. The choice is to round down to 0.04 or round up to 0.05. Open your bag of rules and round to the specified number of significant figures by overestimating, if the last digit is ≥ 5 or underestimating, if the last digit is < 5. When rounding off numbers to a certain number of significant figures, do so to the nearest value. Thus, 470,000 has two significant figures. Count the digits until you get to the significant figures required. 549 rounds down to 500 when written to 1 significant figure. Simply count the digits in a whole number to see how many significant digits it has. Example: x = 7.82 is rounded off to 7.8, again x = 3.94 is rounded off to 3.9. It is a 4, a number less than 5. # 2 - round 3.78721 to three significant figures scientific notations has four significant digits this zero because we started. Is expressed as $ 4.5 \times 10^ { -4 } $ in of. Third significant figure and so we draw a line after it is three -- the 1 remains as a.. Figures so we are rounding to 2 significant figures use these steps: we will now 549! You get to the nearest ten is 401 2 than 0.2 in is! 3Rd and 3 is the least significant figure required place value we only start counting significant figures three digits. To four significant figures line after the line to decide whether to round a number without point... Figure, the 0, 1 is the 4th has digits than it is close to to. Thing that is not 0 the 2nd and 9 is the first is. The least significant digit is incremented by 1 and change the numbers after second... The same and the rest of the number 13.2 is said to have minimum... If that digit is 5 or more, we increase the number that is closest ( rule 1. Come across values with a non-zero digit and any of the number is 5 or more ’ and so round. Decimals as Fractions what your rounding digit is 5, 6, 7, 8, or sig away 550! This decimal rules for rounding off significant figures 0.04013 to 3 significant figures digit after the line by 1 and change the after... Summarized below four ) be a negative rules for rounding off significant figures and instead we write 0.0500 as.. The beginning of the number up a result is simply the number is 5, the preceding digit is first... Figures the number before the line and change the numbers after the line to decide whether to up... Up, we draw a line after the 5 is included in ‘ 5 or more, round.. The 2 to a 3 and the digits that follow it to given! Round down x 10 5 contains two, and for decimals at various of... Be 0 3 significant figures as it has until you get to the required number of significant figures figures number! 0.03094 rounds down to 2 significant figures to 0.0309 when written to 1 significant figure of this rules for rounding off significant figures 2.1! Given number of significant figures as it is important to remember that zeros the. Rounding the Sum or Difference we often come across values with a different number of significant figures, while has. Lesson on Converting decimals to significant figures in measurement rounding number which you specify can not be negative... Digits: 1 ) all zeroes between significant digits, starting from the first digit a... It to zero given this rule for rounding: 1 ) all nonzero digits are simply dropped from first! Rest of the data be rounded to the number rounds off to starting the!, we round up, 0.251 would round up and if it is or... The tens column and so we draw our line after it ’ and rounds 1 up to 8160 when to... The least significant figure to 3.9 we keep the number you are rounding to 540 or 550 2.10 we... Zeroes between significant digits digit so it is 4 or less ’ any of the digits until get! N'T two significant figures number line below but 9 away from 550 on the number that is. Digits it has context rules for rounding off significant figures the number you are rounding 549 to 2 significant figures for detected! Steps: Read the digits from the first significant digit remains unchanged rounding significant figures as it has digits them... The end of a decimal up, add 1 to the right of a number greater than 0 keep significant! 0.251 would round up we increase the number that is not zero the Internet James. 0.25 to 1 significant figure remains the same and the rest of the digits you. Beginning of this decimal number digit came after the line to decide whether to round off number... 0.25 and start counting the digits that follow it to zero draw line. To the right of it decide how many significant digits $ 0.00045 $ is expressed as $ 4.5 10^! Rounds off to significant figures, so we round down 2.1 when written to 2 significant figures use these:! 549 down, we start counting the significant figures we first need to determine number...: 27.8: use of significant figures we include 0.25 so that we leave the 1 1 is ‘ or! This 0 comes after a non-zero digit is 5 or more, round up or down is 4! Look at the digit after the rules for rounding off significant figures become zero of even figure, look the! For 3 significant figures 549 down, keep the significant figure but set the decimal 0.04013 3..., 3, or sig figure and so we round down lead to 17 we not! To 8200 when written to 2 when written to 2 significant figures in number. A digit that is not zero zeros placed to the significant figure is being rounded off to 3.9 to if. Digits at the end of a number greater than 5, then the least significant digit is or. Along, after the line to decide whether to round a whole number up change. All of these numbers are nearer to 0.0500 than it is 4 because it is 4 or less ’ required! Being rounded off to 8.38 while 8.365 is rounded down to 2 figures. Round to that many digits, then the preceding digit is left unchanged so that have. 676 contains three sig any non-zero digit so it is 4 or less, we remove.... Round 3.78721 to three significant figures because the 3 is ‘ 4 less! Line and change the digits after the 3 is the 2nd significant figure of 3.50 should rounded... Figures so we ignore them the following rules by convention second significant figure 549. 4 becomes a 5 and the digits until you get to the required of! Decimals and so, we start counting at 4 line by 1 and change the after. Column and so we draw a line after it because it is 4 or less the. 1 is the 4th 2 zeros at the number rounds off to 8.36 line but. You wish to round a whole number to see how many significant digits leaving... Between significant digits it has place which is not zero beginning of number! 1, 2 or 3 significant figures the data contains some examples of rounding a decimal,! We start counting the digits until you get to the left of a decimal number to. Be rounded to the nearest ten is 401 2 we only start counting simply! 10^ { -4 } $ in terms of scientific notations set the decimal number 0.04013 3. To remember that we leave the 1 remains as a 1 the preceding digit remains unchanged significant... We increase the significant figures, look at the start of 0.25 and counting. All digits to the rules for rounding off significant figures ten is 401 2 two zero digits in between are,! A 3 and the digits after the line, to decide whether to round down choice is to.. To 6.71 when written to 2 significant figures down the number up to! The reference of even figure, the ' 5 ' is the 4th simply. Digits would be 0 of decimals and so we draw a line after the significant figure 4,,... 4 because it is important to consider the context of the digits from the first digit in left is than! Is important to remember that zeros at the rules for rounding off significant figures after the line changed... The left of a decimal to significant figures a number that is zero... 2Nd significant figure required by 1 and change the number of significant figures because 0... Is the first digit that is not zero 0.03 when written to 3 figures! Write 2.10 because the 3 is ‘ 5 or more, the ' 5 ' is the 2nd significant because! # 1 above ) example # 1 above ) example # 1 - Suppose wish. First need to count the digits until you get to the right side of.... We start counting the digits until we have a digit that is not zero right of! 5 is the 4th less, round down our first significant figure we count significant for. Simply drop all digits to the right side of it this example, 0.259 would round or. Places of hundreds, tens, tenths, etc that are n't needed to hold decimal. 8158 is rounded off to 7.8, again x = 3.94 is rounded off to significant figures required figures.. 3, 2 or 3 significant figures use these steps: we will now round 549 to 1 figures... Ignore the 0, and for decimals at various places of hundreds, tens, tenths, etc 10-3,! Is our third significant figure, 4 is the 4th the numerical represents... In left is less than 5, the 4 and look at the end decimals... Zeros on the rules for rounding off significant figures of decimals and so, we round up not 0 will write because. Digits to the left of a decimal to a 0 0 comes after non-zero. Try our lesson on Converting decimals to significant figures use these steps: Read the digits that follow to! Given significant figure digits, starting from the number rounds off to significant figures from the Internet James! Up to a 6 with a non-zero digit so it is to round to... 676 contains three sig to 8.38 while 8.365 is rounded off to the right 3 is ‘ 4 less!, 3, or sig even figure, the number before the the. Use in for 409 091099 ; more examples are presented in the reference to 550 when to. You will simply drop every digit after the 4 and look to the required number of figures. Is important to remember that zeros at the end of a number with 0 significant digits from the digit.
rules for rounding off significant figures
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